Cyberark Professionals have provided their advice and strategies on the Best Practices for Privilege Elevation: Advice and Strategies from Cyberark

Under today's complex and ever-evolving digital environment, cybersecurity of organizations of all sizes and industries has become a top priority. Privilege elevation - which grants additional privileges or permissions to conduct certain tasks - is an integral component of cybersecurity that needs proper management for optimal effectiveness. We will explore some effective practices, tips, and techniques of privilege elevation using Cyberark's expertise as a provider of privileged access management solutions.

Implement the Principle of Least Privilege (PoLP)

Users and processes should only receive privileges that they need in order to carry out their responsibilities, according to PoLP - an essential cybersecurity concept that reduces attack surfaces by mitigating potential damage caused by malicious actors or inadvertent misconfigurations. Regular reviews must take place so as to make certain privilege levels remain suitable for every user and process in PoLP implementation.

Implement Privileged Access Management Solutions Cyberark's Privileged Access Management (PAM) solutions offer organizations an easy and automated means of administering their privileged accounts and access. PAM solutions assist organizations with enforcement of Policy on Life Protection (PLP), monitoring of activities by those with privileges, rapid incident response as well as rapid resolution timeframes.

Some key characteristics associated with PAM solutions are as follows.

Rotation and vaulting of passwords
Monitoring and recording of sessions Workflows for access requests and approvals Just-in-time provisioning / just enough access provisioning (JIT / JEA).
Compatible with other security tools and systems
Monitor and Restrict Local Administrator Authorization

Without proper administration, local administrator accounts with full authority over a system or device may pose a considerable security threat for organizations. To mitigate this risk, companies should implement measures like those below to manage local administrator access:

Limit the number of local administrator accounts by allocating them to specific users or groups, using passwords which are both robust and unique, rotating them regularly as part of your security protocol. It is advised to create different login profiles for different tasks (for instance logging on and out for each account).

Monitor and audit activities conducted by local administrators, such as modifications, updates, logon attempts or password reset attempts. Utilise privileged access management solutions in order to regulate and supervise their access rights.

Implement a Least-Privileged Application Run-time Environment (LPARRE). LPARREs are security strategies which involve running applications with as few privileges as necessary in order to run correctly, helping protect from malware infections, data leakage and unapproved access. Businesses may implement an LPARRE by employing virtualization technologies, sandboxing solutions or application control tools.

Train and Educate Users

Privilege elevation is an integral element of cybersecurity strategies, and user education and training must play an active role. Organizations should implement consistent training initiatives designed to make users understand the dangers and proper procedures associated with having privilege access - these efforts must cover topics like those listed here during user training:

Implement the principle of least privilege with regards to security and password administration; manage access request and confirmation processes and confirm requests as appropriate, incident reporting procedures and responding effectively to phishing attacks; as well as incident response.

Organizations should conduct regular evaluations and audits of privileged access in order to optimize privilege levels, comply with policies and regulations, identify security threats and mitigate security risk by conducting evaluations and audits on this area of access.

Some critical areas that organizations must focus on when performing this kind of review:

Groups and User Identities for Privileged Access Requests. Reducing password complexity by rotating passwords regularly; managing session recordings; monitoring; audit trails for security audit purposes and keeping access logs;

Implement Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) is an additional security measure which requires users to present multiple forms of verification when trying to access systems or applications, in order to prevent unauthorize access even if credentials become compromised.

Organizations should consider employing various authenticators when introducing MFA; including:

Attributes that identify you may include passwords, PINs and security tokens which belong to you; what you know (e.g. password or PIN); things in your possession (e.g. smart cards and security tokens); who or what is known about you (such as biometric factors such as facial or fingerprint identification); as well as biometric factors which represent you (such as facial recognition or fingerprint identification).

Privilege elevation is an indispensable aspect of cybersecurity that demands meticulous planning, implementation and administration.